Monday, 24 November 2014

Ebola symptomatology and homeopathy

  • Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.The first EVD outbreaks occurred in remote villages in Central Africa, near tropical rainforests, but the most recent outbreak in west Africa has involved major urban as well as rural areas.Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks. 
  • Good outbreak control relies on applying a package of interventions, namely case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service, safe burials and social mobilisation. Early supportive care with rehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survival. There is as yet no licensed treatment proven to neutralise the virus but a range of blood, immunological and drug therapies are under development. There are currently no licensed Ebola vaccines but 2 potential candidates are undergoing evaluation.


It is thought that fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are natural Ebola virus hosts.
Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.
Ebola then spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and with surfaces and materials (e.g. bedding, clothing) contaminated with these fluids.Health-care workers have frequently been infected while treating patients with suspected or confirmed EVD. This has occurred through close contact with patients when infection control precautions are not strictly practiced.
Burial ceremonies in which mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased person can also play a role in the transmission of Ebola. People remain infectious as long as their blood and body fluids, including semen and breast milk, contain the virus. Men who have recovered from the disease can still transmit the virus through their semen for up to 7 weeks after recovery from illness.

Symptoms of Ebola virus disease

The incubation period, that is, the time interval from infection with the virus to onset of symptoms is 2 to 21 days.
Humans are not infectious until they develop symptoms. First symptoms are the sudden onset of fever fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding (e.g. oozing from the gums, blood in the stools).
Laboratory findings include low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.


It can be difficult to distinguish EVD from other infectious diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever and meningitis. Confirmation that symptoms are caused by Ebola virus infection are made using the following investigations:
  • antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
  • antigen-capture detection tests
  • serum neutralization test
  • reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay
  • electron microscopy
  • virus isolation by cell culture.
Samples from patients are an extreme biohazard risk; laboratory testing on non-inactivated samples should be conducted under maximum biological containment conditions.

Treatment and vaccines

Supportive care-rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids- and treatment of specific symptoms, improves survival. There is as yet no proven treatment available for EVD. However, a range of potential treatments including blood products, immune therapies and drug therapies are currently being evaluated. No licensed vaccines are available yet, but 2 potential vaccines are undergoing human safety testing.

Homeopathic Rubrics

The important rubrics that can be taken as per the symptomatology
HEAD - PAIN - heat - during
acon. aesc. agar. aloe am-c. Ang. ant-t. APIS arg-met. ARN. Ars. asaf. bamb-a. Bapt. bar-c. BELL. berb. borx. bry. cact. cadm-s. calc-sil. calc. camph. caps. carb-v. carbn-s. caust. cham. CHIN. chinin-ar. chinin-s. cina clem. Cocc. coloc. con. corn-f. Crot-h. cupr. dros. dulc. elat. EUP-PER. ferr-p. gels. graph. hell. Hep. hipp. hir. hydroph. hyos. Ign. ip. kali-ar. kali-bi. kali-c. kali-n. Lach. led. lob. lyc. mang. meny. merc-i-r. mez. mosch. nat-c. NAT-M. Nux-v. Op. petr-ra. petr. phos. plan. Podo. Psor. Puls. rhod. Rhus-t. ruta Sabad. sang. sep. SIL. spig. staph. stram. sulph. syph. ther. Thuj. trios. valer. verat-v. verat.
Agar. agav-a. ail. alum-p. alum-sil. Alum. alumn. Am-c. ambr. anac. Ant-c. ant-t. apis arg-met. Arg-n. arn. ars-h. ars-s-f. ars. arum-m. arum-t. arund. asc-t. aur-i. aur-s. aur. bapt. BAR-C. bar-i. bar-m. bar-s. Bell. berb. bit-ar. borx. BOV. bufo calc-sil. CALC. carb-an. CARB-V. carbn-s. carl. cary. Caust. cedr. Chel. chinin-s. cist. colch. con. crot-c. CROT-H. crot-t. cyclosp. der. dros. erig. euphr. fago. ferr-ar. ferr-i. ferr-ma. ferr-p. ferr. Graph. Ham. Hep. heroin. hippoz. hir. hyos. Iod. irid-met. kali-ar. kali-bi. kali-br. kali-c. kali-chl. kali-i. kali-m. kali-n. Kali-p. kali-s. kali-sil. ketogl-ac. kreos. lac-c. lac-h. LACH. lob-s. lyc. mag-c. Mag-m. MERC-C. merc-n. MERC. mez. mim-h. Moni. mur-ac. musca-d. Myric. nat-ar. nat-c. NAT-M. nat-p. nat-sil. NIT-AC. Nux-m. Nux-v. olib-sac. ox-ac. oxal-a. ozone petr-ra. petr. Ph-ac. PHOS. pin-con. plan. plb. positr. propl. psil. Psor. Puls. ran-s. rat. rhus-g. rhus-t. rob. ruta sacch-a. sal-ac. Sang. Sec. sel. SEP. Sil. sin-n. sphing. spig. spong. Staph. Sul-ac. sul-i. Sulph. tab. tarax. tarent. tell. tep. Ter. tetox. thuj. tril-p. tritic-vg. tub-r. tub. vanil. visc. zinc-p. Zinc.


absin. acal. acon-f. acon. act-sp. adam. Aesc. Aeth. agar. agath-a. aids. Ail. alco. all-c. allox. aln. aloe alum-p. alum-sil. Alum. Alumn. Am-br. am-c. am-caust. am-m. ambr. ammc. amp. Anac. Anan. Androc. ant-c. ant-t. anth. anthraci. anthraco. anthraq. antip. Apis aq-mar. arag. arg-met. ARG-N. arge-pl. arizon-l. Arn. ars-h. ars-i. ars-s-f. ars. arum-d. arum-m. ARUM-T. asaf. Asar. asc-c. asc-t. asim. aspar. astac. aster. atp. atra-r. atro. aur-ar. aur-i. aur-m. aur-s. aur. Bac. Bamb-a. BAPT. bar-c. bar-i. bar-m. bar-s. bell-p-sp. bell-p. BELL. Benz-ac. berb. beryl. Bism. bit-ar. bol-la. bol-s. bomb-pr. bond. borx. bov. brach. brass-n-o. brom. bros-gau. Brucel. bry. Bufo buteo-j. cadm-met. cadm-s. cain. caj. Calad. calc-f. calc-i. calc-p. Calc-s. calc-sil. Calc. Camph. cann-i. cann-s. canth. CAPS. carb-ac. carb-an. carb-v. carbn-s. carc. cardios-h. carl. cartl-s. cassia-s. castm. caul. Caust. cedr. celt. cench. ceph. cham. chel. chin-b. chin. chinin-ar. chinin-s. chir-fl. chlf. chlol. chlor. choc. chord-umb. chr-o. cic. Cimic. cinch. cinnb. Cist. clem. cob. coc-c. coca-c. cocc. coch. cod. Coff. colch. coli. coloc. colum-p. Con. cop. corian-s. corn. cortico. cortiso. corv-cor. croc. Crot-c. Crot-h. crot-t. cub. cund. cupr-act. cupr-ar. cupr-s. Cupr. cur. cycl. cypra-eg. cystein-l. cyt-l. delphin. Dig. digox. dios. dirc. dol. dor. dream-p. dros. Dulc. echi. ephe-si. epil. erio. eucal. eug. eup-per. eup-pur. euph-a. EUPH. fago. falco-pe. ferr-ar. ferr-i. ferr-m. ferr-ma. ferr-p. ferr-s. ferr. ferul. fic-m. Fl-ac. flor-p. form. fum. fuma-ac. gala. galla-q-r. gamb. gels. gent-c. gent-l. ger. germ-met. get. gink-b. gins. glon. granit-m. graph. grat. Guaj. gymno. haem. haliae-lc. ham. helia. helio. hell-o. hell. helodr-cal. Hep. hepat. hera. heroin. hip-ac. hipp. hippoc-k. hir. Hom-xyz. Hura hura-c. hydr-ac. hydr. hydrc. Hydrog. hydroph. hyos. hyosin. Ign. ignis-alc. ina-i. ind. iod. ip. irid-met. iris iris-fl. jab. jac-c. jac-g. jal. jatr-c. jug-c. kali-ar. Kali-bi. Kali-c. Kali-chl. Kali-i. kali-m. kali-n. kali-ox. kali-p. kali-perm. Kali-s. kali-sil. kali-sula. kalm. ketogl-ac. kola kreos. lac-ac. Lac-c. lac-d. lac-del. lac-e. lac-h. lac-loxod-a. lac-v-f. LACH. lachn. lap-la. laur. Led. lepi. lil-s. lil-t. limest-b. lipp. lob-c. lob-s. lob. lol. loxo-recl. luf-op. Luna Lyc. lycpr. lyss. m-arct. m-aust. Mag-c. Mag-m. mag-s. maias-l. manc. mang. med. melal-alt. menth. meny. merc-act. merc-br. Merc-c. Merc-cy. merc-d. merc-i-f. merc-i-r. merc-n. merc-sul. Merc. merl. mez. mill. mim-p. moni. morg-p. mosch. mur-ac. musca-d. myos-a. myric. myris. nad. naja nat-ar. Nat-c. Nat-m. nat-ox. nat-p. nat-pyru. nat-s. nat-sil. neon nicc. nicotam. Nit-ac. nit-m-ac. Nux-m. nux-v. nymph. oci-sa. oena. ol-an. olib-sac. olnd. onos. op. orot-ac. ovi-p. ox-ac. oxal-a. ozone paeon. pall. pant-ac. par. paull. pen. peti. petr-ra. Petr. ph-ac. phel. Phos-pchl. Phos. phys. Phyt. pic-ac. plac-s. plac. plan. plat. plb. plect. plumbg. plut-n. podo. polyp-p. polys. pop-cand. positr. pot-e. prin. Propr. prun-p. psor. ptel. puls. pycnop-sa. quill. rad-br. ran-b. ran-s. raph. rat. rauw. rhod. rhus-g. RHUS-T. rhus-v. ribo. ric. rob. rosm. rumx-act. rumx. ruta Sabad. sabal sabin. sacch-a. sal-ac. sal-al. sal-fr. samb. sang. sangin-n. sanic. sapin. Sapo. sarcol-ac. sars. scarl. Sec. sel. seneg. Sep. SIL. sin-a. sinus. sol-ni. sol-t-ae. solid. SPECT. spig. spira. spirae. spong. Squil. stann. Staph. stict. STILL. stram. streptoc. stront-c. stry. succ-ac. suis-em. suis-hep. suis-pan. sul-ac. sul-i. Sulph. sumb. syc. symph. Syph. Tab. tarax. tarent. tart-ac. tax. tell. tep. ter. tere-la. teucr. ther. thiam. thres-a. thuj. thymu. thyr. til. trif-p. tritic-vg. tub. Tung-met. tus-p. upa. uran-n. urol-h. urt-u. ust. vanil. ven-m. verat-v. verat. Vero-o. vesp. vinc. vip. visc. wye. xan. zinc-i. zinc-m. zinc-p. zinc-s. Zinc. zing. ziz.

STOMACH - VOMITING - heat - during
acon. aeth. all-s. Ant-c. ANT-T. aran. Arn. Ars. asar. bac. bapt. bell. borx. Bry. cact. carb-v. Cham. chin. cimic. Cina Cocc. con. crot-h. cupr. dendr-pol. dor. Elat. EUP-PER. eup-pur. ferr-ar. ferr-p. ferr. gink-b. hep. ign. Ip. kali-c. lach. Lyc. nat-c. NAT-M. nat-p. nux-v. phos. puls. sil. squil. Stram. sulph. ther. thuj. tub. Verat.

ABDOMEN - LIVER and region of liver; complaints of
abies-c. abrot. ACON. aegle-f. Aesc. agar-ph. Agar. agn. all-c. Aloe Alum. am-c. Am-m. ambr. anac. anag. anders. ang. ant-t. Apoc. Arg-n. Arn. ars-i. Ars. asaf. Astac. atis. aur-ar. aur-i. Aur-m-n. aur-m. Aur. Bapt. bar-c. barbit. BELL. benz-ac. berb-a. BERB. boerh-d. bov. brass-n-o. brass. BRY. BUFO cadm-s. calad. Calc-f. CALC-P. calc-sil. CALC. camph. cann-s. canth. Caps. Carb-an. Carb-v. CARBN-S. carbn-tm. CARD-M. Carl. caust. cean. Cham. CHEL. chelo. chen-a. Chin. chion. chol. chrystl. cic. Cimx. cinnb. clem. cob. Cocc. coenz-a. Colch. coli. Coll. Coloc. combr-r. Con. CORN. Croc. Crot-c. Crot-h. Cupr. cyna. dig. dios. Dol. dros. dulc. Euon-a. euon. Eup-per. fab. ferr-ar. ferr-p. Ferr-pic. ferr. Fl-ac. gels. Graph. grin. haru-ma. hed. hell. Hep. hip-ac. Hydr. hyos. hypoes-t. Ign. IOD. iodof. ip. Iris Kali-bi. KALI-C. kali-i. kali-n. kali-s. kreos. lac-d. LACH. lachn. lact. Laur. LEPT. luf-b. LYC. m-arct. mag-c. Mag-lac. MAG-M. Mag-met. Mag-n. Mag-sil. mang-s. mang. marr. merc-c. MERC. mez. microg-p. morg-g. Morg-p. morg. mosch. mur-ac. Myric. nat-ar. nat-c. Nat-m. nat-p. NAT-S. nat-sal. NIT-AC. nit-m-ac. NUX-M. NUX-V. oci-su. ol-j. olib-sac. op. orot-ac. ost. par. petr. Ph-ac. PHOS. plat. Plb. pneu. PODO. Prun. Psor. Ptel. puls. querc. ran-b. ran-s. raph. rheum rhod. rhus-t. ruta sabad. sabin. Sang. sars. sec. sel. seneg. SEP. ser-ang. sil. spig. spong. stann. staph. stel. sul-ac. sul-i. SULPH. tab. tarax. teucr. ther. thlas. thuj. tinas. trios. uran-n. ust. valer. vanad. verat. verb. visc. yuc. Zinc.
abrot. acet-ac. Acon. aesc. aeth. agar-ph. agar. ail. alco. all-c. allox. Aloe alum-p. alum-sil. ALUM. Alumn. am-c. am-caust. Am-m. ambr. anac. anan. ant-c. ant-t. anthraci. Apis apoc. ARG-N. Arn. ars-h. ars-i. ars-s-f. ARS. arund. asar. atis. bac. Bapt. bar-c. Bar-m. bart. Bell. benz-ac. bism. bol-la. bol-s. borx. both. Bry. Bufo cadm-met. cadm-s. calad. calc-i. calc-p. calc-s. calc-sil. Calc. CANTH. CAPS. Carb-ac. carb-an. carb-v. carbn-s. cartl-s. Casc. Caust. Cham. chel. chim. Chin. chinin-ar. chlf. cina cinnb. cinnm. clem. Cob. coff-t. COLCH. Coll. COLOC. Con. cop. cortico. croc. Crot-c. Crot-h. cub. cupr-ar. cupr-s. cupr. cycl. cyn-d. cypra-eg. der. dios. diph-t-tpt. dor. dros. Dulc. eberth. elaps elat. enteroc. erig. eucal. euon. euph-a. euph-l. eupi. ferr-ar. ferr-i. ferr-m. Ferr-p. ferr. fic-v. gaert. Gamb. gast. genist. gink-b. Graph. HAM. hed. hep. hipp. Hir. Hydr. hyos. ign. ind. iod. Ip. iris jal. jug-c. Kali-ar. Kali-bi. Kali-br. Kali-c. Kali-chl. kali-chr. kali-i. kali-m. kali-n. Kali-p. kali-s. kali-sil. kiss. Kreos. Lac-d. lach. lap-la. laur. led. Lept. lil-t. lipp. lob. lon-x. loxo-recl. Lyc. lyss. mag-c. Mag-m. Manc. Mangi. Med. MERC-C. merc-cy. MERC-D. Merc-i-f. merc-i-r. merc-n. merc-sul. merc. mez. mill. Moni. morg-p. Mur-ac. Nat-ar. Nat-c. nat-f. nat-m. nat-p. nat-s. Nit-ac. Nux-m. NUX-V. olnd. osm. ox-ac. petr. ph-ac. PHOS. Phyt. pic-ac. plan. plat. Plb. Podo. positr. prot. psor. Puls. pyre-p. pyrog. raph. rat. rein. Rhus-t. ric. Ruta sabad. sabin. sanguis-s. sarr. Sars. sec. sel. senec. Sep. Sil. sin-a. squil. stann. staph. stram. suis-em. Sul-ac. Sulph. tab. tarax. tarent. tell. tep. TER. thal-xyz. thal. Thuj. tril-p. tritic-vg. trom. urt-u. valer. vario. Verat-v. Verat. vip. wies. zinc-p. Zinc-s. zinc.

acon. agar. alum. ambr. ant-c. apis arg-n. Ars. Bell. BERB. borx. brach. calc. camph. Cann-s. CANTH. carb-an. Chim. chin. clem. cocc. colch. coloc. dig. germ-met. helon. Hep. ichth. iod. Kali-bi. Kali-c. kali-n. lach. Lith-c. Lith-i. Lith-p. LYC. MERC-C. merc. nat-m. nat-sal. nit-ac. nux-m. Nux-v. oci. pareir. petr. ph-ac. phos. plb. polyg-h. PULS. ran-s. rheum rhus-a. rhus-t. samb. SARS. scop. sep. Ser-ang. sil. solid. squil. stront-c. sulph. ter. terebe. Thuj. tub. vip. Zinc.

abrot. ACON. ant-t. anthraci. Apis ARN. ARS. Arum-t. aur-ar. Aur. bapt. BELL. Bry. buth-a. cact. canth. caps. carbn-s. carc. chel. chin. chinin-ar. Chinin-s. cina coff. Colch. CON. convo-s. croc. crot-h. cuph. cupr. cyt-l. dig. dulc. eberth. epil. Eup-per. ferr-ar. Ferr-p. GELS. hep. hyos. influ. iod. ip. Kali-ar. kali-i. Lach. loxo-lae. loxo-recl. Lyc. mag-c. meny. merc-c. MEZ. morb. mur-ac. musca-d. naja NAT-M. nat-s. nit-ac. nux-m. Nux-v. Op. oscilloc. ourl. ph-ac. Phos. psor. PULS. PYROG. RHUS-T. sabad. sal-ac. samb. sang. SEC. Sil. staph. Stram. sulph. thuj. toxo-g. tub-a. Tub. vac. valer. vario. verat-v. verat. yers. yohim.

SKIN - ERUPTIONS - fever; during
ars. bry. calc. Con. ip. lyc. nat-m. puls. RHUS-T. sep. sulph.
abies-n. acal. acet-ac. Acon. Adren. Agar. alet. aln. aloe Alum. alumn. am-c. am-caust. am-m. am-p. ambr. Ammc. anac. ancis-p. Ant-c. ant-t. anthraci. Apis apoc. Aran. arg-met. Arg-n. ARN. ars-h. ars-i. Ars. arum-t. asaf. asar. aur-m. aur. bapt. Bar-c. bar-i. bar-m. bar-p. bell-p. BELL. bism. bit-ar. blum-o. borx. both-a. both-ax. BOTH. Bov. brom. Bry. bufo Cact. calc-f. calc-i. Calc-ln. CALC-S. calc-sil. CALC. cann-s. CANTH. Caps. carb-an. CARB-V. Carbn-s. carc. card-m. casc. caust. cench. Cham. CHIN. chinin-ar. chinin-s. cina cinnb. Cinnm. cit-l. clem. cloth. cob. coc-c. cocc. coff-t. Coff. colch. coll. Coloc. con. cop. Croc. crot-c. CROT-H. Cupr. des-ac. dig. dor. Dros. Dulc. Elaps emetin. equis-h. erech. ergot. ERIG. erod. eucal. euphr. eupi. Ferr-ar. Ferr-i. Ferr-m. Ferr-p. ferr-s. FERR. fic-r. fic-v. gal-ac. gelin. gels. Ger. glon. Graph. HAM. HELL. hep. hir. hydr. Hydrin-s. Hyos. ign. Iod. IP. jug-c. juni-c. kali-c. Kali-chl. kali-i. kali-m. kali-n. Kali-p. Kreos. Lac-c. LACH. lachn. lat-m. Led. leon. lept. Lyc. Lycps-v. m-ambo. m-arct. m-aust. mag-c. mag-m. mang. MELI. MERC-C. merc-cy. MERC. Mez. MILL. mit. mosch. mur-ac. MURX. nat-c. NAT-M. Nat-n. Nat-s. nat-sal. nat-sil. NIT-AC. nux-m. NUX-V. op. par. petr. Ph-ac. PHOS. Plat. plb. Psor. PULS. pyrog. rat. rhod. rhus-a. rhus-g. Rhus-t. ruta sabad. SABIN. sal-ac. sang. Sanguiso. sars. scir. SEC. sel. Senec. SEP. Sil. solid. squil. stann. staph. stict. Stram. stront-c. SUL-AC. sul-i. sulfa. SULPH. syph. tann-ac. tarax. Ter. thlas. thuj. til. tril-p. urt-u. ust. valer. vanil. verat. vib. vinc. vip-a. vip. wies. x-ray xan. zinc.

GENERALS - PAIN - fever; during
anders. androc. Arn. Ars. bapt. Cham. Coff. franc. mosch. nux-v. phyt. Rhus-t. spig.

GENERALS - WEAKNESS - fever - during - agg.
acon. ail. alum. am-m. anac. ang. ant-t. Anthraci. Apis aran. arg-met. Arn. ARS. Bapt. bar-c. bell. borx. Bry. cadm-s. calc. camph. canth. carb-v. cassia-s. caust. cham. Chin. chinin-ar. cocc. coli. crot-h. CUPR. dig. dros. elaps eup-a. Eup-per. eup-pur. Ferr-p. ferr. Gels. helon. Ign. iod. ip. kali-c. kali-i. kali-n. kreos. lach. laur. lyc. Meny. merc. morph. Mur-ac. nat-c. Nat-m. nicc. nit-ac. nit-s-d. nux-m. NUX-V. petr. Ph-ac. PHOS. phyt. plb. Puls. pyrog. rheum rhod. Rhus-t. Rob. sabad. sarr. Sel. sep. sil. spig. spong. Stann. sul-ac. sulph. ter. thuj. tritic-vg. tub-m. TUB. Urt-u. vanil. verat-v. VERAT. zinc-i.

Small remedies that covers many symptoms are BAPT, FERR-P, CROT H,IPEC, Homeopathic prescription is based on the patients individual symptoms. The remedy has to be selected by careful case taking.
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